Tuesday, December 11, 2012

Scythian (Saka) Turks - 3800 B.C. - Kurgan Culture

We know a great deal about their physical appearance; they were LONG-headed Giants with BLOND hair and BLUE eyes; this well-known fact is attested by various classical sources, and by their skeletal and other remains in numerous archaeological excavations, which give a fairly detailed description of these Ancient Turks.

The debate of Scythians' Turkish origin:

When we examine the views on the roots of the Scythians, those who claim Scythians were Slavs have not provided strong evidence to support this thesis. Those who think Scythians were an Iranian nation and of Iranian origin base their claims solely on words that are allegedly Scythian and comparing their religion with that of the Persians. There is no evidence put forth about the Persian origin of Scythians other than their language and religion. Scientists who assert Scythians were Uralo-Altaic nation have based their theses on written sources and archaeological evidence [...].

Records written in cuneiform found around Sus about the Sakas' language shows their language was Turkish. These writings, which were quite dispersed, show Sakas were Turkish. Turkish words are found in these cuneiform writings, such as "anira" which means to repair; "arta" means to seat; "daldu" means to fill; "gik" means sky; "ircigi" means to increase; "kutta" means to add; "cagri" means offspring; "val" means road; "vita" means other side; "vurun" means beat. [...]. In the Esik fortification excavated near Alma Ata in Kazakhstan, a small pot that has writing on it was found. This writing belongs to the Sakas, and the writing's 26 letters have been translated into today's Turkish by Suleymanov [...].

In information provided by Herodotus, there are clear signs indicating the Scythians' Turkishness. There were three main gods: Papaeus (Sky God), Apia (Earth God) and Tabiti (Home and Family God). All sources about Ancient Turks mention the existence of the Sky God (Tengri) and Earth God (Yersub). For example, in the Orhun Epitaphs, it reads, "The Turkish God in the Sky and holy Yer-Sub (Earth God) have spoken as follows": „The Turkish Nation shall not disappear but be a nation". Beside these two gods, there was a goddess called Umay who was responsible for home and family life among the ancient Turks. With respect to its function as a goddess, the Scythians' Goddess Tabiti corresponds to Umay of the Turks. The name of the Earth God, Apia, also recalls a Turkish word. In almost all Turkish dialects, Ebi or Ebe means birth-giving woman. It is very likely that this word was once used for the Harvest God, or the god who gives offspring, and then it came to be used for midwives. In the Kazan dialect, Ebi means "tribe", "grandmother", and in general, "dear woman". We also understand that there was a custom of calling beloved women by the names of goddesses from the Orhun Epitaphs. Bilge Kagan perceives his mother as Umay. [...].

Defenders of the Persian thesis have supported their view by utilising very few philological materials found in archaeological excavations and by considering Scythians religion. [...]. Those who defended the Slavic view, by departing from the drawings on the vases found in archeological excavations, put forth the idea that those figures drawn on vases were the ancestors of the Slavs. The Uralo-Altaic view, the strongest, most recent view, and the idea that the Scythians were Turkish have gained more and more support. Scientists evaluated the issue with all aspects of it. [...].

One Hun emperor, Huhanye, drank wine mixed with his own blood when he signed an agreement with a Chinese delegate in the middle of the first century BC. It is known that this was also common among Uralo-Altaic nations, Hungarians and Kumans. This ritual of mixing blood in wine, as practiced in the Scythians' ceremony of friendship, was maintained by all Turkish branches throughout history; it is even possible to find examples of licking blood as a sign of friendship in Ottoman literature.

(M. Ocak, The Turks: Early ages, Y.T., 2002)

cybershamans (karmapolice) / CC BY-NC-ND 3.0


Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...


Twitter Delicious Facebook Digg Stumbleupon Favorites